A fire in your property must be spotted fast and a warning given even faster so that people can handle the evacuation and all the necessary equipment safely.
Fire detection and notice system
You are obligated have a suitable fire-detection and warning system in place. Whatever system you have, it must be able to warn all individuals in the building in all situations. There are different types of fire alarm systems available to choose from though. All of which are declared suitable under law.
You should deliberate which type of fire detector is appropriate for your buildings as part of your contingency plan. One type of sensor could be appropriate for one part of your grounds and another for the remainder. Before fitting a fire-detection system, you may wish to debate your suggestions with your local fire service or a fire safety expert.
Evacuation in a fire, the means of evacuation
The preparations to evacuate your sites form a vital part of your contingency plan. You should:
• Ensure the escape path is as short as imaginable.
• Reflect on how many people are going to be making use of that path.
• Contemplate the effect it may have if one of the escape routes has been obstructed.
• Ensure there is clear passage to every escape path.
• Make certain that evacuation routes are kept free of any obstacles.
• Make provisions for the evacuation of elderly or disabled people and the relevant equipment. You must also think about other less able-bodied persons who may have admission to the building, taking into account both physical and mental injury.
• Enlighten and educate all employees in how to evacuate the building, along with equipment procedures.
• Connect an alternative light system.
• Classify all escape routes with suitable signs.
• Make sure that the place to which the evacuation is moving to, or the assembly point, is safe as well.
Firefighting and evacuation equipment
Your contingency plan may put forward that you should provide convenient multi-purpose fire extinguishers so that individuals in the building can deal with a fire in its early phase. These extinguishers should be fitted, verified and upheld in agreement with manufacturers’ directions. They will require a competent and sensible person to instruct staff in its use.
In smaller premises, you may only need one or two transportable smaller extinguishers. Nevertheless, larger, more complex buildings may necessitate a number of portable extinguishers located in suitable sites. It may be needed to show the position of extinguishers and other evacuation equipment with appropriate signs.
Dependent on your sort of business, the size and intricacy of your premises and the consequence of your contingency plan, you may need other dedicated fire-fighting equipment.