These issues need to be deliberated when planning an evacuation method for disabled people:
- Classify the amount of disabled staff and students and where they will be in the structure.
- Apply Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans.
- Check with relevant staff and students.
- Make sure the evacuation plan doesn’t rely upon the involvement of the Fire and Rescue Services to make it work.
- Study the features of the structure.
- Evaluate the evacuation equipment disabled people will require.
- Train your staff to handle emergency evacuations and the relevant equipment.
- Control what needs to occur when the alarm goes off.
- Ascertain what needs to be done when it’s not conceivable to evacuate disabled people.
Staff and students with any ocular impairment may be directed though flat surfaces by simply offering an arm to make use of. On staircases, the attendant should descend first and the person behind can then put their hand on the guide’s shoulder.
Numerous disabled people will be able to go up or down a staircase on their own, however others may need aid. There is equipment accessible for safely moving people with mobility problems in staircases. This apparatus should be given serious discussion particularly when high-rise buildings come into the equation.
Lifts are usually barred from use during an evacuation. There are categories of lifts known as evacuation or firefighting lifts, which may be used for the evacuation of disabled people. These lifts must only be worked under the management and control of a member of staff using a decided upon evacuation system. The team who manage property performance should provide info on the type of lifts fitted in each structure. If it’s safe to do so, wheelchairs, guide dogs, and other apparatus should be evacuated, as well as the disabled person.
Suggested evacuation procedure for a disabled person:
- On initiation of the emergency alarm stop and gather possessions that may be necessary in the evacuation.
- As described in your PEEP, stay at your work station, or place of study if you need help.
- Once your aid arrives, or you’re sure you don’t need help, make your way to a selected refuge point.
- Stay at your refuge point with your helper until it is safe to leave. Your refuge point will give you a minimum of 30 minutes’ safety against the spread of fire and smoke.
- Once the area is unobstructed, and if required, with the support of your assistant, move towards the final exit of the building.
- Once outside, you or your aid must report your presence to the fire marshal in charge of the evacuation.
Stay outside the building until stated to return by the same marshal.