Spine Board are designed to carry individuals with suspected cervical spine injury
The use of a spine board or ‘spine boarding’ is a method that is used to carry an individual or athlete for quick emergency care each time a cervical spine injury is assumed. It’s vital to note that if a cervical spine injury is suspected, the person in question should not be repositioned at all, and if any equipment is worn, not be removed either, unless absolutely necessary and only by someone who is fully trained in its taking away procedure.
There are numerous techniques for properly using spine boards on individuals, such as the log-roll manoeuvre, scoop stretcher and the 6-person elevation, but whatever technique you decide to use for your particular situation, it is absolutely vital that the injured individual keeps still with their head retained in an appropriate position in line with the rest of the person’s frame. The person who is closest to the wounded person’s head will be in charge and will steady the head while using traction. If the injured person is lying face down, then the log-roll technique is recommended, but if the individual is face up, then the raise and slide method should be used instead as it encourages far less motion, but the log roll technique is still suitable.
When using the log rolling technique on an individual, one medic is at the head and employs traction and restriction to the injured person’s head. Three extra medics should also be positioned on one side of the injured soul at the shoulders, hips and lower limbs. The injured person is then rolled in the direction of the medics and a fifth medic then places the spine board behind or underneath the injured person at a 45-degree angle from the ground underneath. The injured individual is then turned back toward the spine board and it’s then lowered to the ground if need be.
When using the six-plus-person raise, one medic is situated again the head and employs traction and restriction to the injured person’s head. Two more medics should be flanking on each side of the injured at the shoulders and hips while a sixth medic tasked with the actual use of the spine boards. When the medic in charge at the head deems fit, the 5 medics will raise the individual roughly 30cm into the air, while the sixth medic slips the spine board quickly under the incapacitated person. Once the individual is physically on the spine board it is imperative that you secure the person to the board by strapping them at the around torso, pelvis and thighs. The head should then be restrained by assigning towels or explicitly developed blocks on each side of the head. Finally, the injured person’s head should be fixed to the board to make a one big sturdy bulk with no sign of anything being loose, finally rendering it safe for extraction.
Spine boards are indispensable when it comes to suspected spinal trauma at the scene of a crisis so have a good look through our range of spine immobilisation boards and make sure you keep one in your arsenal of rescue equipment.